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Now the anthropologists are called in to help. What do the bones and teeth of the dead women and children of Salzmünde reveal? At the Institute of Anthropology at the University of Mainz, the team Bio-Archaeometry surrounding Professor Kurt Alt searches for clues. They are examining the remains by means of isotope analysis – and soon come up with an astounding revelation. The women found in the grave are not clutching their own children at all. All nine bodies – that is with just one exception – are only remotely related. What was it then that bound them together?

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Nine bodies, lots of questions

Five thousand years ago, nine people died in Salzmünde – under mysterious circumstances. Were they burned alive? Or were they murdered? A group of researchers is investigating the historical mystery.

Catastrophe or ritual?

Investigations bear the first results: the researchers can now rule out a house fire as cause of death. Have they found evidence of some kind of death cult?

Broken fragments with a history

The researchers in Halle piece together a puzzle to see what they can find: they fit the huge number of shards together. Do the resulting jugs, amphorae and mugs reveal further clues to the mystery of Salzmünde?

Archaeological treasure trove

The dead people of Salzmünde go on a journey – safely packed in cases, for the State Museum in Halle wants to exhibit them. With this in mind, the researchers have thought up a very special exhibition technique.

Earlier find

Surprising photographic evidence: the researchers find photos of earlier found graves. At that time a number of mysterious multiple graves had also been discovered. Did the earthwork have a special significance for burials?

Hidden in the teeth

The criminal investigation moves to Mainz and the Institute of Anthropology: What can the bones and teeth of the dead people tell the experts about their age, origin, and family relationships? The results come as a great surprise to the whole team.

Speaking bones

The bones of the dead people of Salzmünde confront the anthropologists with yet another mystery: they have discovered a fracture in one of the skulls, possibly caused by an act of violence. So was it a crime after all?

Meeting of experts

The archaeologists from Halle and the anthropologists from Mainz come together to discuss the status of their research. Will they be able to solve the mystery of the nine-person burial?
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*) The Project

Detective skills are called for: In a burial ground dating back four thousand years BC, a team of researchers led by archaeologist Susanne Friederich stumble across a collective grave. Nine people were buried here over 5,000 years ago – four adult women and five children. Who were they? Were they mothers buried with their children? Did they die as result of a catastrophe – a fire perhaps? Or were they the victims of some kind of ritual sacrifice? The researchers begin their detective work.

Susanne Friederich

Gumboots are part of her work gear when Dr. Susanne Friederich goes out to inspect graves from the Young Stone Age. Most of the time, though, she works at the State Office for Monument Preservation and Archaeology Saxony-Anhalt in Halle (Saale), where our Young-Stone-Age specialist analyses archaeological finds – or acts as a guide at the State Museum of Prehistory, explaining to visitors the exhibits which are often more than 5,000 years old.
The Archaeologist Susanne Friederich from Halle examines a mysterious multiple grave dating back some 4,000 years BC.

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